Originated 5000 years ago, Ayurveda is one of the most well-known and revered systems in the world that has survived the test of time. Derived from the Sanskrit meaning “life knowledge”, it offers a rich and complete outlook to a sound, healthy and balanced life. The same rishis who laid the foundation of Vedic civilization in India were the ones who discovered and practiced Ayurveda. Therefore, the main source of knowledge in this field remains the Vedas.
The art of Ayurveda had started to spread in the sixth century BC to China, Mongolia, Tibet, Korea and Sri Lanka by the Buddhist priests venturing out into those lands. Although not much of it sustained in its indigenous form but its implementation is present in various new age concepts and ideas that originated from that point.
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No theory has had more prominent impact on Ayurveda than Sankhaya’s philosophy of creation and demonstration, which affirms that behind all creation there is a state of pure existence or awareness, and that is past the concept of time and space, has no start or end, and no qualities. Within pure existence, there emerges a desire to experience itself, which brings about disequilibrium and causes the indication of the primordial physical vitality. The two then join to make the “dance of creation” come alive.
Imponderable, indefinable and exceptionally subtle, this primordial vitality – that flows from its existing only in pure existence – is the innovative power of all activity, a kind of wellspring of shape that has innumerable qualities. Matter and vitality are so firmly related that when vitality takes shape, we tend to understand it as a matter of form only. What’s more, it at last prompts the manifestation of our recognizable mental and physical universes.
The origin of Ayurveda is thought to be divine and believed to have originated from the Hindu God Brahma, who is also known as the creator of the universe. It is trusted that the creator of the universe passed on all encompassing learning of healing onto the sages for the prosperity of humanity. From the sages the learning of conventional medicine was passed on to the disciples and after that to the common people through different writings and oral portrayals. The data about therapeutic properties of the herbs was made in the form of lyrics, called “Shlokas”. These were utilized by sages to depict the utilization of medicinal plants which are now used in various Ayurvedic home remedies.
The Hindu arrangement of healing is based on four famous assemblages of learning (Vedas) called as Yajur Veda, Rig Veda, Sam Veda, and Atharva Veda. The Rig Veda is the most understood of all the four Vedas and depicts 67 plants and 1028 shlokas. The Atharva Veda and Yajur Veda depict 293 shlokas and 81 therapeutically helpful plants. The act of Ayurveda depends on the learning picked up from these Vedas. The works in Rig Veda and Atharva Veda are credited to “Atreya” who is believed to have been met with this learning from Lord Indra, who at first had received it from Lord Brahma. Agnivesha aggregated the information from the Vedas, and it was altered by Charaka and some different researchers and is currently called as “Charaka Samhita”. Charaka Samhita depicts all parts of Ayurvedic medicines and Sushruta Samhita portrays the Science of Surgery’’. Both these unbelievable collections are as yet utilized by practitioners of conventional therapy. These conventional writings are accessible in various languages and translations like Persian, Tibetan, Arabic, Chinese and Greek. There are few other minor compilations like Madhava Nidana, Nighantu Granthas and Bhava Prakasha from different researchers, however Charaka Samhita is the most regarded of all the records.