If you’re in the construction industry, most probably you have to deal with jib cranes. Different types of cranes are used across different industries such as automobile factory, construction site, logistics factory, machinery processing, manufacturing unit, and warehouse.
Jib cranes are widely for multiple purposes like transporting, loading and unloading heavy material. A jib crane consists of an operating arm which extends horizontally from its body. It has a boom which supports a moveable hoist fixed either to a wall or to a floor-mounted pillar. A jib crane is an essential and extensively used component for industrial operations. However, in view of the fact that a jib crane lifts and transport heavy objects, the crane accidents are quite common. If not properly handled, jib crane accidents could lead to injury or death, as well as damage to property and equipment.
To avoid such accidents, it is essential to follow the basic safety guidelines that help to use the equipment safely and efficiently. In addition to following the instructions given in the safety manual provided by the crane manufacturer, it is also crucial to know the basic safety guidelines so as to avoid hazardous situations. Basically, to avoid jib crane accidents, you need to ensure three things- a trained crane operator, a safe hoist, and the right weight of the load. Let’s take a detailed look at how to operate jib crane safely.
A Certified Crane Operator
For a safe crane operation, you need a trained and certified operator. Only a qualified and skilled operator knows the right way to handle difficult situations and prevent accidents. An operator with sufficient years of experience and understanding of the workplace is capable of minimizing risks. A knowledgeable crane operator is trained to set up the crane for the safe load capacity, different circumstances, and the method of rigging.
Never Overload the Crane
Most of the accidents occur due to overloading the crane. There is a specific load limit of the equipment, exceeding which causes accidents. To complete the work fast, operators often ignore the safety measures and overload the crane. This is a huge mistake that risks the lives of everyone else present on the worksite. As such, make sure you clearly mention the safe load capacity on the forklifts and cranes so that it is visible to the operator. Also, clear the travel path before moving the load and/or jib arm.
To prevent workplace accidents, it is important to keep checking structural defects, loosened bolts, cracked welds, or faulty movement of jib’s arm. It is a good practice to conduct jib crane inspections at least twice a year by a professional crane inspector. A regular inspection ensures that the crane in its best condition and meets the necessary safety requirements. The operator should also inspect the crane before starting the work by checking its operating mechanisms, load hooks, hoist chains, and other parts. If your crane is constantly exposed to extreme heat or fluctuating temperature, it may lose its strength and make its beam brittle. Before your crane completely fails, regular maintenance can help in avoiding chances of a breakdown.